More than 95% of hair loss in men is male pattern baldness (MPB). MPB is characterized by hair receding from the lateral sides of the forehead (known as a “receding hairline”) and/or a thinning crown (balding to the area known as the ‘vertex’). Both become more pronounced until they eventually meet, leaving a horseshoe-shaped ring of hair around the back of the head.
The incidence of pattern baldness varies from population to population and is based on genetic background. Environmental factors do not seem to affect this type of baldness greatly. One large scale study in Maryborough, Victoria, Australia showed the prevalence of mid-frontal baldness increases with age and affects 73.5 percent of men and 57 percent of women aged 80 and over. A rough rule of thumb is that the incidence of baldness in males corresponds roughly to chronological age. For example, according to Medem Medical Library’s website, MPB affects roughly 40 million men in the United States. Approximately one in four men will have noticeable hair loss by age 30, and this figure increases to two in three men by age 60. In rare cases, MPB can begin as early as age 12.
The genetics of MPB are not yet fully understood. Most likely there are multiple genes that contribute towards MPB, the most important of which appears to be the Androgen Receptor gene, located on the X chromosome (inherited from the mother). It was previously believed that baldness was inherited from the maternal grandfather. While there is some basis for this belief, it is now known that both parents contribute to their offspring’s likelihood of hair loss. Most likely, inheritance involves many genes with variable penetrance.[medical citation needed]
The trigger for this type of baldness is dihydrotestosterone, a more potent form of testosterone often referred to by its acronym DHT. DHT is an androgenic hormone, body- and facial-hair growth promoter that can adversely affect the prostate as well as the hair located on the head. The mechanism by which DHT accomplishes this is not yet fully understood. In genetically prone scalps (i.e., those experiencing male or female pattern baldness), DHT initiates a process of follicular miniaturization, in which the hair follicle begins to deteriorate. As a consequence, the hair’s growth phase (anagen) is shortened, and young, unpigmentedvellus hair is prevented from growing and maturing into the deeply rooted and pigmented terminal hair that makes up 90 percent of the hair on the head. In time, hair becomes thinner, and its overall volume is reduced so that it resembles fragile vellus hair or “peach fuzz” until, finally, the follicle goes dormant and ceases producing hair completely. ~Wiki
Male Pattern Baldness: Emotions and Feelings
This list is intended to give a real facts and understanding of the scale of the problem.
The end of youth: concerns about getting older: Hair loss causes both men and women to look older. Consequently, for many the advent of hair loss, (more than with any other physical aspect), dramatically signals the end of youth, vitality and desirability. The unconscious association regarding hair loss is: Loss of hair = Loss of youth = Inevitable aging
Inability to style the hair: Many hair loss sufferers are frustrated at the time and trouble necessary to camouflage thinning hair and the inability to style their hair as they would like.
Dissatisfaction with appearance and body-image: The loss of the hairline can change a person’s appearance substantially. Hair loss changes the appearance of the face by shifting the balance of the face to the forehead, resulting in an aged appearance. A study7 revealed that men who had more profound hair loss were more dissatisfied with their appearance and were more concerned with their older look than those with minimal hair loss. This effect cut across all age groups but was more prominent in the younger individuals. The research also indicates that women tend to be more upset than men by their hair loss. A 1992 study in the Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology that compared the psychological impact of hair loss on men and women found that women had a more negative body image and were less able to adapt to the loss. In fact, it has been scientifically proven through studies that women tend to suffer more emotionally and psychologically than men on losing hair. The results of these tests showed that women were much more worried about the way they looked than men. They tend to feel insecure about their appearance and how the world and the people around them will accept them.
Low self-esteem: Physical beauty is one of the cornerstones of self esteem and it is one of the most vulnerable. The self-esteem levels and other measures of self-worth drop significantly when hair loss occurs.
Loss of personal attractiveness and fear of not looking attractive to others: Hair is an important determinant of physical attractiveness and a mean of expressing individuality. Hair loss affects the individual’s feelings of attractiveness. For balding women it is especially hard to live in a society that places great value on youthful appearance and attractiveness. Because women are famous for spending a lot of time and money grooming, dying, curling, drying, and styling their hair to make it look its best, when they begin to lose their hair, it is extremely traumatic. This cosmetic setback is quite intense when a woman is used to having hair and suddenly finds herself losing it. They can have a lot of trouble dealing with the reality of hair loss.
Embarrassment, Loss of confidence, Shyness: Although full head of hair cannot guarantee instant confidence, studies have shown that in men who suffer from hair loss, nearly 75% of them feel less confident since the onset of the hair loss, especially in dealing with the opposite sex. And it isn’t just men. Statistics regarding female hair loss are so difficult to compile mainly because of a tendency on the part of women with hair loss to camouflage and hide a condition that they feel stigmatized by.
Social teasing and humiliation: When hair loss reaches a stage of visible condition it can make the person the object of teasing or scorn. Studies show, that 60 percent of all bald men are teased at some point in their lives.
Feelings of depression and introversion: In extreme circumstances, some people really take hair loss badly and get highly distressed about it, up to the point of getting into depression. Some people make assumptions that they are losing something about their control of their life, things they really can’t reverse when they start losing their hair. Most of the research shows that people with alopecia have higher levels of anxiety and depression.
Subconscious emotions of envy and jealousy: Those suffering from hair loss often experience feeling of jealousy of men with full, healthy heads of hair, because they desperately covet what non-bald people have.
Work-related problems: Hair loss may affect someone who is in front of the camera or who needs to be in the public in a very devastating way professionally.
Negative effects on social life: Hair plays an important role in our social lives. Upon meeting someone, one of the first things you notice is their hair. Before a social engagement, it is very important for us to look good, and a good lock of hair is what completes our appearance. Those affected by hair loss become aware of how important hair is in our social lives quickly. Hair loss may cause the person to limit social activities. Some people avoid seeing friends and stop going out except to work. Surveys have shown that around 40% of women with alopecia have had marital problems, and around 63% claimed to have career related problems9.
Wearing hats or caps even in warm weather: Many people begin wearing more hats or caps to try to disguise their thinning hairline.
Start exercising to improve physique: For some hair loss may spark self-improvement tactics like starting to work our more. The improvement in physique gives more confidence, thus making less worry about hair loss.
Dress nicer: Dressing better is a simple and sure way to improve appearance and self-confidence. Although stressful, balding isn’t the end of the world!
Grow a beard or a mustache: For some balding men behavioural coping mechanisms include growing a beard or moustache. By growing a beard, goatee, or moustache, it will take attention away from the head and people will focus on the new “accessory”.
Bald men are rated as more intelligent: In fact, bald men are perceived as being more intelligent and have an above average sense of self-worth.
Cash’s 1988 study asked three groups of people – young college students, slightly older Old Dominion staffers and aging faculty members – to look at slides of bald and haired men. They was asked to rate the person in each slide for qualities such as self-assertiveness, social attractiveness, intelligence, life success, personal likability, physical attractiveness and perceived age.
Believe it or not, the bald or balding models were perceived more negatively on every dimension except intelligence. ~eMed expert
How to Fix Male Pattern Baldness in 7 Ways
Losing your hair must really, really suck. I often spot baldies staring at me sadly as I run my fingers through my thick mane of lustrous curls. It’s a majestic sight, so who can blame them? Fortunately, it’s possible to combat hair loss via a range of natural hacks and treatments. This infographic explains seven common causes of baldness and how to fix them.
This infographic comes from the follicle boffins at Lloyds Pharmacy. As explained below, the cause of male hair loss can be broken down into three groups: genetic, lifestyle factors and skin conditions. Sadly, not all of the aforementioned causes are preventable, but it is possible for modern-day Samsons to mitigate the damage in various ways. ~lifehacker.com.au